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Library Resources: Chicago 16th/Turabian 7th

Chicago Manual of Style

Online Chicago Citation Resources

Chicago is a documentation syle that has been published by the Chicago University Press since 1906. This citation style incorporates rules of grammer and punctutation common in American English. Typically, Chicago style presents two basic documentation systems: (1) notes and bibliography and (2) author-date. Choosing between the two often depends on subject matter and the nature of sources cited, as each system is favored by different groups of scholars.

The notes and bibliography style is preferred by many in the humanities, including those in literature, history, and the arts. This style presents bibliographic information in notes and, often, a bibliography


This guide includes content adapted with permission from the librarians at the University Library System, University of Pittsburgh. Lakeland guide creator: Joe Pirillo.  Currently maintained by Ann Penke.

Writing Assistance

The Hayssen Academic Resource Center (HARC) is on the second floor of Esch Library, located on Lakeland's Sheboygan campus. The center provides tutoring and academic support for Lakeland University students. The schedule of available tutors can be found in the Study Resources section of Blackboard. 

Evening, weekend and online students may request an online consultation with a writing tutor by submitting the request form available in the Study Resources section of Blackboard.  Log in to Blackboard.  Click on Study Resources at the top of the screen.  Complete the Tutoring Appointment Request form.    


John Esch Library | Lakeland University | W3718 South Drive | Plymouth, WI 53073 | (920) 565-1038 ext. 2420