Skip to Main Content

ED 810 Master's Thesis: APA 6th Edition

Books on APA Citing

APA and Online APA Citation Resources

"APA Style® originated in 1929, when a group of psychologists, anthropologists, and business managers convened and sought to establish a simple set of procedures, or style rules, that would codify the many components of scientific writing to increase the ease of reading comprehension.

As with other editorial styles, APA Style consists of rules or guidelines that a publisher observes to ensure clear and consistent presentation of written material. It concerns uniform use of such elements as

  • selection of headings, tone, and length;
  • punctuation and abbreviations;
  • presentation of numbers and statistics;
  • construction of tables and figures,
  • citation of references; and
  • many other elements that are a part of a manuscript."

             (Source: Official APA website)


This guide includes content adapted with permission from the librarians at the University Library System, University of Pittsburgh. Lakeland guide creator: Joe Pirillo.  Currently maintained by Ann Penke.

DOI and URl Flowchart

In order to simplify when to use a DOI (Digital Object Identifier) and a URL (Uniform Resource Locator) in your citations, APA has posted a flow chart online:

John Esch Library | Lakeland University | W3718 South Drive | Plymouth, WI 53073 | (920) 565-1038 ext. 2420